Ivy California Municipal High Income Fund

Ivy California Municipal High Income Fund

Market Sector Update

  • For the year ending 2017, municipal funds in the Morningstar Municipal California Long category were up 6.01%. Municipal fund performance was weaker, but still positive, during the fourth quarter of 2017, with California municipal funds up .75%. Year-to-date, California municipal funds are up 5.45%.
  • We believe several factors contributed to positive performance in the fourth quarter of the year. First, moderate economic data (gross domestic product, employment and inflation) released during this timeframe continued to keep rates low. Additionally, with the passage of tax legislation and the elimination of PAB’s (Public Activity Bonds) we believe we should continue to see reduced supply of municipal issuance into 2019, allowing for continued price stability. The Bond Buyer U.S. 30 Day Visible Supply was $15.5 billion at the end of the fourth quarter, which is very large when compared with the same time one year prior; however, this amount was digested comfortably, as the forward calendar is expected to settle at much lower levels moving into 2019.
  • Municipal bond flows were robust for the year, as measured by year-to-date U.S. Lipper flows of +$18.0 billion. With the rally in rates during the first eight months of 2017, we have become less constructive on the municipal market.
  • We continue to participate selectively in the new issue market while maintaining larger amounts of liquidity than we have done in the past. Going forward we still believe the municipal market is attractive versus other fixed income asset classes. While the Federal Reserve is likely to continue to raise rates in 2018, we believe that rate increases will be gradual and that the spillover impact to municipal bonds will be muted.

Portfolio Strategy

  • The Fund's performance was aided by the bias toward lower-quality municipal bonds and exposure to non-investment grade tobacco bonds.
  • The team continues to see the greatest opportunity in land secured bonds, also known as Mello-Roos/Community Facility District (CFD) bonds. We also see opportunities in charter school bonds, which have experienced less price volatility than CFD bonds. We believe charter school and CFD bonds offer compelling risk/reward profiles.
  • We are cautious with California hospitals and evaluate these borrowers carefully. The Fund is underweight the hospital sector, with 7.8% exposure versus a 14.0% weighting in the Bloomberg Barclays Municipal Bond Index. We believe that hospitals carry the most ratings downgrade risk of any sector due to multiple versions of proposed healthcare reform that could lead to a rollback of Medicaid expansion, which will strain operating performance in the sector.
  • We continue to favor revenue bonds over tax backed debt as revenue bonds, in our view, provide higher yields and better diversification from general tax and pension issues currently affecting many municipalities. We feel at this time it makes sense to bring in duration slightly due to our view that the next 12-18 months will not provide as many obvious opportunities for total return as we’ve seen so far this year.


  • In the near term we believe volatility will continue, as uneven economic data continues globally creating uncertainty for markets. We believe that we are in the middle- to late-stages of the economic recovery and that, even though meaningful tax stimulus was passed, it will only serve to extend this part of the cycle by one to three years.
  • Given this backdrop, we believe rates will remain subdued and that California-based investors will continue to search for tax-exempt yield due to high state tax rates.

The opinions expressed are those of the Fund’s managers and are not meant as investment advice or to predict or project the future performance of any investment product. The opinions are current through Dec. 31, 2017, are subject to change at any time based on market and other current conditions, and no forecasts can be guaranteed. This commentary is being provided as a general source of information and is not intended as a recommendation to purchase, sell, or hold any specific security or to engage in any investment strategy. Investment decisions should always be made based on an investor’s specific objectives, financial needs, risk tolerance and time horizon. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results.

The Bloomberg Barclays Municipal Bond Index is an unmanaged index comprised of securities that represent the long-term municipal bond market. It is not possible to invest directly in an index.

Diversification does not guarantee a profit or protect against loss in a declining market. It is a method to manage risk.

Risk factors: The value of the Fund’s shares will change, and you could lose money on your investment. Fixed income securities are subject to interest rate risk and, as such, the net asset value of the Fund may fall as interest rates rise. Investing in below investment grade securities may carry a greater risk of nonpayment of interest or principal than higher-rated bonds. The Fund may include a significant portion of its investments that will pay interest that is taxable under the Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT). Exempt-interest dividends the Fund pays may be subject to state and local income taxes. The portion of the dividends the Fund pays that is attributable to interest earned on U.S. government securities generally is not subject to those taxes, although distributions by the Fund to its shareholders of net realized gains on the sale of those securities are fully subject to those taxes. The municipal securities market generally, or certain municipal securities in particular, may be significantly affected by adverse political, legislative or regulatory changes or litigation at the Federal or state level. These and other risks are more fully described in the Fund’s prospectus. Not all funds or fund classes may be offered at all broker/dealers. Because the Fund invests predominantly in California municipal securities, events in California are likely to affect the Fund’s investments and its performance. As with California municipal securities, events in any of the U.S. territories, such as Puerto Rico, Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands, where the Fund is invested may affect the Fund’s investments and its performance. These events may include economic or political policy changes, tax base erosion, constitutional limits on tax increases, budget deficits and other financial difficulties, and changes in the credit ratings assigned to municipal issuers of California or U.S. territories.